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Lesson 5: Youth

Imperfect – Imparfait

The imparfait is used to “set the tone” of a past situation. An example in English being: “We were singing when Dad came home.” It tells what was going on when a particular action or event occurred. In French, the above example would be: “Nous chantions quand papa est rentré.”

In order to conjugate the imperfect,

  • take the 1st person plural of the verb you want to conjugate:
French Verb • Youth
jouer to play
singularplural
first personje jouenous jouons
second persontu jouesvous jouez
third personil joueils jouent
  • Remove the -ons ending to find the stem, and add these endings:
subjectendingjouer
(nous jouons)
finir
(nous finissons)
attendre
(nous attendons)
je-aisjouaisfinissaisattendais
tu-aisjouaisfinissaisattendais
il/elle/on-aitjouaitfinissaitattendait
nous-ionsjouionsfinissionsattendions
vous-iezjouiezfinissiezattendiez
ils/elles-aientjouaientfinissaientattendaient
  • Note: The only verb that has an irregular stem (one not derived from the nous form of the present idicative) is être. The imperfect endings are added to ét___. Every other verb uses the nous form of the present indicative as its root.

Possesive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns replace possessive article + noun sets.

French Grammar • Youth
Possesive Pronouns Les pronoms possesifs
mon copain
my friend
ton copain
your friend
son copain
his/her friend
notre copain
our friend
votre copain
your friend
leur copain
their friend
le mien
mine
le tien
yours
le sien
his/hers
le nôtre
ours
le vôtre
yours
le leur
theirs
mes copains
my friends
tes copains
your friends
ses copains
his/her friends
nos copains
our friends
vos copains
your friends
leurs copains
their friends
les miens
mine
les tiens
yours
les siens
his/hers
les nôtres
ours
les vôtres
yours
les leurs
theirs
ma copine
my friend
ta copine
your friend
sa copine
his/her friend
notre copine
our friend
votre copine
your friend
leurs copine
their friend
la mienne
mine
la tienne
yours
la sienne
his/hers
la nôtre
ours
la vôtre
yours
la leur
theirs
mes copines
my friends
tes copines
your friends
ses copines
his/her friends
nos copines
our friends
vos copines
your friends
leurs copines
their friends
les miennes
mine
les tiennes
yours
les siennes
his/hers
les nôtres
ours
les vôtres
yours
les leurs
theirs
  • Vous avez votre voiture? – You have your car?
  • Oui, nous avons la nôtre. – Yes, we have ours.

À + a stress pronoun is used when the noun replaced is also the subject of the sentence. This usually occurs in sentences with être.

  • Elle est ta voiture? – Is that your car?
  • Oui, elle est à moi. – Yes, it is mine.

Stem Changing Verbs Review

-exer Verbs

-exer are regular -er verbs, but also are stem changing. The stem change applies to all forms except nous and vous. The stem change involves adding a grave accent ( ` ) over the e in the stem.

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

xer Verbs

Like -exer verbs, the accent aigu above the e ( é ) changes to an accent grave ( è ).

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

-yer Verbs

-yer verbs are regular -er verbs. However, when y is part of the last syllable, it changes to i in order to keep the ay sound. In the present indicative of -yer verbs, this affects all forms except nous and vous.

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

appuyer
payer

Appeler

All forms except nous and vous have the l doubled.

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

-cer Verbs

The last c in the verb changes to ç in the nous form.

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

commencer

-ger Verbs

An e is added after the g in the nous form.

  • Tenses affected by this rule:

changer
manger

V: Children’s Games and Toys

  • un hochet
  • un cheval de bois
  • une poupée
  • une dinette
  • un train électrique
  • des légos
  • un ours en peluche
  • une console de jeu (une nintendo, une gameboy, une ps2)
  • des jeux de société : le monopoly, le cluedo, la bonne paye
  • des “transformers”

French Children’s Poems, Songs, and Stories

Petit Papa Noël

Petit Papa Noël
Quand tu descendras du ciel
Avec des jouets par milliers
N’oublies pas mes petits souliers
Mais avant de partir
Il faudra bien te couvrir
Dehors tu vas avoir si froid
C’est un peu à cause de moi


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